Different Types of Dentures and Their Uses

Types of Dentures

Dentures are custom-made teeth or replacements that are specifically meant for replacing missing teeth. They can be worn and taken out from the mouth. They are critical in improving a person appearance as well as their smile. Without the denture’s support, the facial muscles in most cases sag making one to look old. After wearing the dentures for the first time, it may take time before you are used to having them but at times it depends on the types of dentures you are wearing. Feeling the same as having the natural teeth also depends on the kind of dentures worn. All over the world, there are many types of dentures to choose from, but not all of them are suitable for a comfortable life. Let us review and discuss some of the different types of dentures that you can wear to retain your comfort and natural smile based on your condition.

types of dentures

Partial Dentures

Partial dentures are  types of denture that are worn when a person still has some of his/her natural teeth. This situation may present itself when a patient has one or more teeth remaining in the lower or upper jaw. This means that they are designed to replace some of the missing teeth. They are comprised of nylon, metal or plastic plating with several false teeth (dentures) attached to it. The plate clips onto the natural teeth through the metal clasps that holds the dentures in place securely in the mouth. The plate can be removed and unclipped quickly. In most cases, the denture clips are made of colored gum material or a tooth. This type of clip is not the best since it is brittle compared to metal. You should see a dentist or a qualified clinical dental expert before deciding to wear partial dentures. The dentist or dental specialist will measure your mouth before ordering partial dentures for you.

Full Dentures

Complete dentures are fitted in a patient’s lower, or upper teeth  and the teeth have to be removed entirely. They are placed by a dentist the moment all the teeth are removed. Just as with the natural teeth, these dentures also fit nicely over the jawbone and gums, especially when fitted by an expert. Immediate fixing of full dentures after removal of teeth may not be the best since the process may alter the shape of the jawbone and the gums requiring re-lining after several days or months. Allow the gums to heal before fitting the dentures.

Implant Retained Dentures

Implant dentures are special types of dentures fitted on patients who are not able to wear lower dentures. Some people may not have a vertical bone that underlies the gums necessary for retaining the stability of lower dentures. It means they cannot wear lower dentures at all. For this reason, they require implant retained dentures. The process of fitting involves adding two implants in front of the patient lower jaw that maintains the stability of the lower dentures. A titanium screw is placed into a hole drilled into the jawbone in line with the teeth position. This titanium attaches or integrates itself into the jawbone. The implant is uncovered where a post is attached to it. The post supports porcelain teeth and also the denture attachment. This is a very expensive process.


An overdenture is a removable tooth replacement device inserted over the remnant teeth, replacing them with false teeth (dentures). The overdentures were used before the coming up of the modern dentistry techniques for dentures. They are still in use and can be fitted on teeth that have experienced the so-called root canal therapy. In case the roots of the teeth after root canal treatment can be serviced, their crown can be cut off precisely at the gum line and a removable overdenture placed to maintain them. The placing must be over the teeth stumps. Covering of the stumps using the covering materials is important in protecting the tooth from decay. It also maintains the bone (jawbone) that supports them. In case the covering is not done properly, the bone may wear leaving the delicate tissue that won’t be able to support the dentures.

Snap-in Dentures

This type of dentures is one of the most efficient dentures especially when it comes to stability. Using the anchors and the dental implants, they are safely fitted in the place of non-existing teeth. They are unique in a way since the locator attachments that are embedded beside the denture tissue’s side are incredible. These locator attachments are fitted on the locator receptors that make the dentures very easy to remove. Just as partial dentures, snap-in dentures are also fitted when a person does not have any teeth in their mouth. Their jawbone must be strong enough to offer support to the implants.

Duplicate Dentures

The moment a full denture is made, one can make a copy. The dentures are not original and therefore they are only suitable in case of emergencies. A flowing liquid called agar is used to make this type of denture alongside a complete denture. As mentioned above, duplicate dentures are of low quality simply because the flowing plastic in making them is less resistant to wear and tear. They are also porous, and their delineation may not match the margins of your teeth. They are only important when the regular dentures are taken for repair or are lost requiring you to make new ones. Never use duplicate dentures in place of the original dentures.

Custom Dentures

These dentures are made from very expensive teeth. They are fitted to provide an appealing and natural smile. As their name suggest, they are customized according to the patient needs and may be modified to suit the owner’s requirements. The owner has an opportunity of accessing or evaluating them during the making.

Economy Dentures

Economy dentures are generic in nature. They do not fit comfortably or securely in the mouth. For them to fit securely, they require a denture adhesive. The worse thing about this type of dentures is that they look fake.

Now that you know the different types of dentures available currently, it is your responsibility to make the right choice. Seek a dentist’s advice as they will know what is best for your particular situation. Remember, a weak or low-quality type of dentures will automatically cause discomfort, infections and eating problems even if the fitting is done properly.

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